The Giza plateau is a necropolis containing the tombs of several kings and queens of the fourth Dynasty and their families.
The World Heritage Site comprises the large pyramids of three kings of the fourth Dynasty; their related valley temples, upper temples, and causeways; the Sphinx and its temples; and the necropolis of the royal family and the nobles laid out to a Hippodamian (grid) plan. The plateau of Giza was selected by Khufu (Keops in ancient sources) (c.
This part of the necropolis was completed by his son Khafre, who added several monuments and completed the second pyramid.
Menkaure, Khafres son, constructed the third pyramid and associated monuments at a later date.
Formed from blocks of carved limestone, it is a 240-foot-(73-m) marvel of architectural and engineering skill.